Wednesday, December 1, 2010

Роскосмос, Россия


Another continental sweep! This past week, I undertook to mark all the sites of the Russian Federal Space Agency (previously the "Soviet Space Program") on my Pillownaut Space Map, which you can visit on my domain or directly on Google Maps.

In both of these spots, you'll see a larger screen where you can zoom in, zoom out, and examine precise locations all over the world.

I'm better with Russian than I am with Japanese, and this came in handy, since Roscosmos isn't much into listing precise addresses. This particular hunt took a fair amount of satellite homework! Luckily, once you find the general vicinity of a space center, things like launch pads or radio telescopes are comparatively easy to spot.

Click the graphic, and scroll down to the RUSSIAN AGENCY section to see all the centers for Roscosmos (also sometimes spelled "Roskosmos").

Сартичали (NIP-11) or SartyChaly (Tbilisi, Georgia)

Космодром Байконур (NIP-1) or Baikonur Cosmodrome (Tyuratam, Kazakhstan)
World's first and largest operational space launch facility.
Take a TOUR of Baikonur! =)

Днестрóвск (NIP-19) or Dnestrovsc Ground Control Station (Moldavia)

Свобо́дный стартовая площадка or Svobodny Rocket Launch Site (Amur, Russia)

Космодром Восточный or Vostochny Cosmodrome (Amur Oblast, Russia)
(Currently Under Construction)

Сары-Шаган (NIP-3) or Sary-Shagan Command (Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia)

Космодром Плесецк or Plesetsk Cosmodrome (Arkhangel'skaya Oblast, Russia)
Former super-secret Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) site which grew into the world's busiest spaceport in the 1970s and 1980s.

Капустин Яр Стартовая площадка or Kapustin Yar Rocket Launch Site (Astrakhan Oblast, Russia)

Ула́н-Удэ́ (NIP-13) or Ulan-Ude (Buryatia Republic, Russia)

Елизово Станция Телеметрии (NIP-6) or Elizovo Telemetry Station (Kamchatka Krai, Russia)

Воркута Поддержка (NIP-18) or Vorkuta Launch Support (Komi, Russia)

Шелково Лунная Поддержка (NIP-14) or Shelkovo Lunar Support / R&D (Moscow Central Federal District, Russia)

Роскосмос: Федеральное Космическое Агентство
Roscosmos: Russian Federal Space Agency Headquarters
(Moscow Oblast, Russia)

Центр Управления Полётом (TsUP) or Mission Control Moscow (ISS)
Take a TOUR of MCC-M! =)

Государственный Космический Научно-производственный Центр им. М.в.хруничева or Khrunichev State Research & Production Space Center (Filevskiy, Province of Moscow, Russia)

Энергия С.П.Королева Ракетно-космическая корпорация or Energia S.P. Korolev Rocket & Space Corporation (Mystischi, Province of Moscow, Russia)

Институт Космического Исследования (ИКИ) or the Space Research Institute (Profsoyuznaya, Province of Moscow, Russia)

Star City or Звёздный городок - Yuri Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center (Zvyozdny gorodok, Province of Moscow, Russia)
Take a TOUR of Star City! =)

ПОЛЕТ: Омск относящееся к космическому кораблю производство
FLIGHT: Satellite & Space Tech Manufacturing Assoc.
(Omsk, Russia)

Домбаровский Основа or Dombarovskiy ICBM Base (Orenburg Oblast, Russia)

Пермь Научное Производственное объединение or Perm Engine Development (Perm Krai, Russia) - Scientific Production Association

Уссури́йск Астрофизическая Обсерватория (NIP-15) or Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory & Monitoring Site (Primorsky Krai, Russia)

Красное Село Прослеживающий Запуск (NIP-9) or Krasnoe Selo Launch Tracking (Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia)

Самара or Samara Launch Vehicle & Rocket Engines (Samarskaya Oblast, Russia)
Including Reconnaissance satellite development

Красноярск or Krasnoyarsk (Siberia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia)
Info Satellite Systems Reshetnev Company & Siberian State Space University

Енисейск Станция Контроля (NIP-4) or Eniseisk Ground Control
(Siberia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia)

Якутск Статион (NIP-17) or Yakutsk Station (Siberia, Republic of Sakha, Russia)

Новосибирск (NIP-12) or Колпашево or Kolpashevo Control points for Luna rockets (Tomsk Oblast, Russia)

Воронежский Толчок Ракеты or Voronezh Rocket Propulsion (Voronezh, Russia)

Днепропетровск ЮЖМАШ or Dnepropetrovsk KB Yuzhnoe Launchers (Yuzhny or Yuzmash, Ukraine)

Евпатория Коммуникация Открытого космоса (NIP-16) or Evpatoria Planetary Launch Support & Deep Space Comm Ctr (Vitino, Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine)

Симферополь Первичная Лунная Станция Телеметрии (NIP-10) or Simferopol Primary Lunar Telemetry Station (Shkolnoe, Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine)

Майданак Обсерватория (NIP-21) or Maidanak Control Center & Observatory

All of these are listed with purple markers on the space map, except for the Vostochny Cosmodrome, which is under construction “somewhere” in Eastern Russia, and is eventually intended to reduce Russia's dependency on the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Now Defunct Centers from Sputnik Era:
NIP-2 Makat Atyrau Station (near the town of Guriev)
NIP-5 Iskhup (Yenisey River)
NIP-7 Klyuchi (Kamchatka)
NIP-8 Bolshevo / Gizhiga (northeast of Moscow)
NIP-20 Komsomolsk-na-Amure (Russian Far East)

Some of these are still in existence, though I neglected to include them, since they are deserted (or in the case of Iskhup, construction was never completed due to flooding), and thus no longer part of the operational network.